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Thread: Liverpool Notable Events - 432 AD to Present Day

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    Default Liverpool Notable Events - 432 AD to Present Day

    Note: There maybe some overlap between these and the Liverpool Firsts thread.

    432 St Patrick sailed from River Mersey on mission to Ireland?

    916 Runcorn castle built

    1050 West Derby castle built?

    1125 Benedictine monks at Birkenhead Priory begin rowing people across the river (Monk’s Ferry)

    1150 Benedictine monastery founded at Birkenhead by Hamo de Mascy, 3rd Baron of Dunham.

    1172/73 Embarkation point for conquest of Ireland by Henry II?

    1207 28th August Liverpool Charter (King John)

    1220 Everton beacon?

    1229 Henry III charter confirming 1207 charter

    1235 Royal assent given to William de Ferrers to build Liverpool castle

    1237 Liverpool castle completed

    1272 First Liverpool census? 840 population.

    1280 Bank Hall built (demolished 1770)

    1282 Woodside Ferry established

    1295 Liverpool’s 1st MPs Adam, son of Richard and Robert Pinklowe

    1330 Edward III grants charter to Birkenhead Priory allowing it to charge for ferry crossings

    1333 Edward III charter

    1351 William de Lyverpull? (son of Adam) becomes first recorded mayor of Liverpool

    1361 Plague

    1382 Richard II charter

    1413 Henry V charter

    1442 Castle extended

    1510 Start of coal mining in Prescot area

    1515 1st Town Hall built in Dale Street

    1521 1st mention of coal mining in Whiston area

    1522 Liverpools first grammar school built (founded by John Crosse of Crosse-hall)

    1530s Dissolution of monasteries – ferry service provided by Birkenhead Priory sold to Thomas Worsley

    1540 Plague

    1544 Prescot Grammar School founded

    1548 Plague

    1556 Philip and Mary charter

    1558 Plague

    1561 November storm destroyed harbour

    1565 138 inhabited houses

    1578 John Midleton (the child of Hale) born – allegedly grew to 9’3” tall (died 1623)

    1580 Liverpool Common Council established (survived until 1835)

    1600 Introduction of watch-making to Prescot

    1611 Salt works established at bottom of Chapel Street

    1618 Puritan chapel established (now Ancient Chapel of Toxteth)

    1626 Charles I charter

    1632 Purchase of Crown Rights over town by Lord Molyneux

    1639 Liverpool born astronomer Jeremiah Horrocks predicts and observes the orbit of Venus

    1641 First trade contact with the West Indies?

    1643 Parliamentarians take control of town during Civil War

    1644 Cavaliers re-capture Liverpool (but re-taken by Roundheads six months later)

    1647 Liverpool becomes free port (no longer under control of Chester)

    1648 First reported cargo to arrive from America

    1673/1674? Exchange & Council Hall built

    1679 First seamen’s charity in England opened in Liverpool (founded by Mayor)

    1689 Liverpool castle seized by forces of William of Orange

    1691 William and Mary charter

    1693 Capt. Grenville Collins publishes first known charts of the Dee and Mersey

    1695 2nd William and Mary charter

    1699 Liverpool becomes an independent parish (previously part of Walton)

    1700 8th June reference in Illustrated to Marlborough, 1st ship in ‘old dock’

    1700 Customs House built (up to this point Liverpool had been under authority of port of Chester)

    1704 Woolton Hall

    1708/09 Blue Coat School founded

    1708 First reference to scouse (in Ned Ward’s The Wooden World Dissected)

    1709 1st vessel sails from Liverpool to Africa

    1709 Act of Parliament giving permission for 1st dock at Liverpool

    1712 First Liverpool newspaper the Liverpool Courant established

    1715 1st Liverpool dock fully opened (closed 1826)

    1716 First Liverpool borough treasurer appointed

    1717/1718 Blue Coat School moves to new premises in School Lane (now art centre)

    1719 Completion of dock walls

    1721/1725? Liverpool castle demolished

    1724 Artist George Stubbs born (died 1806)

    1725 Chadwick map of Liverpool

    1726 Work starts on St George’s Hall

    1726 Road from Liverpool to Prescot improved by turnpike trust

    1732 New workhouse built near Blue Coat School

    1738 Act for improvement of tidal basin

    1740 Administration of Liverpool docks transferred to Dock Trustee’s (therefore docks became public rather than private)

    1743 Dry pier (sea wall of tidal basin) completed

    1743 First public parks provided by Common Council

    1745 Lime Kiln Road first laid out (renamed Lime Street 1790) – Lime Street station built on site of former kilns

    1748 Exchange building foundation stone laid

    1749 25th March Infirmary opened – situated on present site of St George’s Hall (demolished 1826)

    1752 26th March - George II charter

    1752 Seamen’s Hospital completed (as detached wing of infirmary) (demolished 1826)

    1753 2nd wet dock opened (renamed Salthouse Dock)

    1754 New Town Hall built – the third one (replacing earlier Exchange and Council Hall)

    1755 2oth March Bill to improve navigation of Sankey river introduced to Parliament

    1756 25th May Liverpool Advertiser begins publication

    1756 John Sadler invents art of transferring print to pottery

    1757/1758? St Helen’s canal and Sankey navigation (first still water canal in England)

    1757 23rd September 1st direct postal delivery from Liverpool to Preston

    1757 18th October (St Lukes Day) a mob stops the mayoral elections taking place

    1758 1st May earliest circulating library in Europe

    1760 1st September first ever stage coach from Liverpool

    1761 First Dock committee set up by Common Council

    1762 October storm destroys large part of newly built wall on eastern side of North Dock

    1763 Leasowe lighthouse opened

    1763 Liverpool Dock Master builds first lighthouses to use parabolic mirrors (Hoylake and Bidston)

    1765 27th December John Gore’s first newspaper published

    1766 1st Liverpool directory published (Gore’s)

    1769 Carr colliery opened

    1770 5th November 1st sod cut for Leeds & Liverpool Canal (junction with Mersey is at Stanley Dock)

    1771 North Dock (later George’s Dock) opened

    1772 Theatre Royal, Williamson Square opened (demolished 1970)

    1773 Bridgewater Canal extended to Runcorn

    1773 Duke’s Dock built by Duke of Bridgewater to accommodate coal vessels coming from Manchester via Bridgewater Canal

    1773 Pilkingtons opened glassworks, St Helen’s

    1774/1776? Liverpool physician Matthew Dobson discovers link between sugar and diabetes

    1774 18th February 1st boat on Leeds – Liverpool canal

    1774 2nd August Liverpool races start at Crosby

    1776 Establishment of first marine life-saving station in UK at Southport

    1776 Ether first publically used as an anaesthetic

    1780 Childwall Hall built by Bamber Gasgoyne (designed by architect John Nash) (demolished 1949 and new structure built – now HQ for Mersey TV)

    1780 Derby horse race first run at Lord Derby’s private racecourse at Liverpool (now run at Epsom)

    1786 Castle Street widened

    1783 New St John’s church built

    1785 20th July & 9th August Lunardi ascends in balloon from Liverpool Fort

    1785 25th July 1st mail coach from Liverpool to London

    1786 Europe’s first purpose-built prison (Great Howard Street)

    1786 12th June Music Hall in Bold Street opened

    1787 Samuel Cunard born Halifax, Nova Scotia

    1787 Welsh Methodist chapel in Pall Mall opened

    1788 3rd October Kings Dock completed

    1788 Polish church in Seel Street – (city’s oldest Catholic church)

    1788 Liverpool Corporation petition Parliament against abolition of slavery proposals

    1789 Lunatic asylum built (in garden behind Infirmary) (demolished 1826)
    1789 Chamber and ballroom added to Town Hall

    1790 America’s first overseas consul appointed to Liverpool (James Laury – was consul until 1819)

    1791 Liverpool School for the Blind, Commutation row founded (1st in England)

    1792 Liverpool Lunatic Asylum opened

    1793 Liverpool Corporation issues ‘bank’ notes

    1794 Rack lever escapement invented by Liverpool watch-maker Peter Litherland

    1795 Ellesmere Canal opened

    1795 18th January Town Hall fire (documents lost in fire)

    1796 17th April Queens Dock completed (extended 1816)

    1797 4th June Liverpool Town Hall reopened after fire and dome added

    1797 Liverpool Athenaeum founded

    1797 Arms granted to Liverpool

    1797 Bootle Water company established

    1799 Liverpool Corporation waterworks established

    1800 Lyceum, Bold Street built (as gentlemen’s club, later became first circulating library in Europe, then a post office)

    1800 School for blind people moves to London Road

    1801 American Chamber of Commerce founded in Liverpool

    1802 Liverpool Botanical Gardens founded at Calderstones Park

    1802 15th September Goree warehouse fire at Liverpool docks

    1802 Whiston colliery opened (closed 1890)

    1802 Halsread colliery opened (closed 1895)

    1802/03 The Lyceum opened, Europe’s first circulating library

    1803 First underwriters association (Liverpool Underwriters’ Association)

    1807 Jewish synagogue built in Seel Street. Abolition of slavery in the British Empire

    1808 19th January George III charter

    1808 4th August new Corn Exchange building opened (corner of Fenwick Street & Brunswick Street)

    1809 1st January new Exchange opened

    1809 29th December William Ewart Gladstone born at 62 Rodney Street

    1809 2nd lifeboat station built at Southport (demolished 1965)

    1809 Society for the Suppression of Wanton Cruelty to Brute Animals founded (first animal welfare organisation in the country – forerunner of RSPCA)

    1811 Portico added to Town Hall

    1812 May Prime Minister Spencer Perceval assassinated by Liverpool man John Bellingham

    1813 ‘Seaforth’ built by Sir John Gladstone MP, father of William Gladstone

    1813 19th April foundation stone laid for first cast-iron built church (St George’s Everton)

    1814 The Kingsmill is first Liverpool ship to trade with India

    1815 Soapworks established at Warrington by Joseph Crosfield

    1815 First steamships introduced on the Mersey

    1816 23rd October Leeds & Liverpool canal completed

    1817 First steamship ferry from Woodside (‘Etna’)

    1819 12th July Orange Parade riot

    1819 18th July Tower demolished

    1819 20th June ‘Savannagh’ 1st steam ship to cross Atlantic arrived at Liverpool

    1821 Actor Julius Brutus Booth emigrates. His son John Wilkes Booth assassinates Abraham Lincoln

    1821 Prince’s Dock opened

    1822 Williams Roscoe becomes 1st President of the Liverpool Royal Institution

    1822 St Mary’s church, Birkenhead built (demolished 1977)

    1823 Liverpool Mechanic’s & Apprentices’ Library (became Liverpool Polytechnic 1970)

    1823 Liverpool Oil Gas Company established

    1824 25th September Infirmary opened (Brownlow Street)

    1824 Iron works established at Birkenhead by William Laird

    1825 18th January Institute for the Deaf & Dumb, world’s first school for deaf people opened

    1825 1st February Necropolis cemetery opened

    1826 31st August? 1st ‘old’ dock filled in

    1826 Hamilton Square, Birkenhead developed

    1826 29th August 1st post office steam packet between Liverpool & Ireland

    1827 28th April King George IV charter

    1827 25th July Liverpool races start at Maghull

    1828 18th July 1st regatta on Mersey

    1828 Laird’s first order for iron ship (from Irish Inland Steam Navigation Co.)

    1829 7th July races at Aintree

    1829 6th October Rainhill trials

    1829 Canning Dock opened (converted to wet dock from ols tidal basin ‘dry dock’)

    1830s Liverpool Medical School established

    1830 15th September William Huskinson run over and killed by Rocket (first steam passenger engine fatality)

    1830 21st September William Huskinson buried at St Jomes

    1830 12th may 1st omnibus in Liverpool

    1830 Liverpool Crown Street station

    1830 September Clarence Dock

    1832 Brunswick Dock

    1832 May Cholera outbreak

    1833 Great Fire

    1833 27th may Liverpool zoo opened

    1834 17th April St Nicholas Church lit by gas

    1834 6th September Waterloo Dock

    1835 New lunatic asylum built in Ashton Street

    1836 30th July Trafalgar Dock

    1836 30th July Victoria Dock

    1836 March William IV charter

    1836 15th August? Lime Street railway terminus opened (Liverpool & Manchester railway)

    1836 Liverpool Police first to use helmets

    1837 1st March 1st grand steeple chase at Liverpool

    1837 31st may Medical institution (Hope Street) opened

    1838 1st stone laid of St George’s hall

    1838 6th January first travelling Post Office ran between Liverpool and Birmingham (horse box fitted out as sorting office)

    1838 19th October ‘Ironsides’ 1st iron ship built in Liverpool launched

    1839 Samuel Cunard comes to England

    1839 24 hour hurricane hits Liverpool

    1840 Mersey charted for the Admiralty by Capt. Henry Mangles Denham

    1840 Britain’s first Borough Engineer

    1840 23rd September railway from Chester opened at Birkenhead

    1840 Cunard ship Britannia made first scheduled transatlantic crossing (to Boston)

    1840 Liverpool Philharmonic Society formed

    1840 Dr R Bickersteth first physician to use carbolic spray and anti-septic cat gut in operations. Also first surgeon to use a special gown while operating

    1841 Grange Beacon, West Kirkby

    1841 Society for the PrDATEion of Cruelty to Animals founded in Liverpool (later became the RSPCA)

    1841 First British purpose-built office block (Brunswick Buildings)

    1841 3rd June Salem Welsh independent chapel opened

    1842 Princes Park

    1842 June world’s first public baths and wash houses founded by Kitty Wilkinson during great cholera epidemic (Upper Frederick Street)

    1843 First official Grand national steeplechase

    1843 Birkenhead Dock Co formed

    1844 Mean Sea level first taken at Victoria Dock

    1844 First English girls high school (day grammar school) opened in Blackburne House, Hope Street

    1844 Prescot Union Workhouse opened (later Whiston Hospital)

    1844 Monk’s Ferry railway terminus opened by Prince Albert

    1845 30th July Albert Dock opened by Prince Albert

    1845 ‘Dock Cottages’ – built to house labourers working on construction of Birkenhead docks

    1845 12th July Birkenhead market opened

    1845 Start of great influx of Irish due to famine

    1847 7th July electric telegraph opened in Exchange Buildings

    1847 5th April Birkenhead Park opened

    1847 Samuel Cunard takes up permanent residence in England

    1847 5th April 1st stage of Birkenhead Docks opened – Egerton and Morpeth

    1847 1st January Liverpool appoints country’s first Medical Officer of Health (Dr William Duncan, physician to th Infirmary)

    1847 Liverpool Corporation Waterworks Act

    1847 1st December Greenwich time adopted by Liverpool

    1848 22nd June Historic Society of Lancashire & Cheshire formed

    1848 4th August docks opened – Salisbury, Collingswood, Stanley, Nelson and Bramley Moore –linked via cut and docks to Leeds & Liverpool Canal

    1849 1st White Star ship

    1849 Wellington Dock opened

    1849 Cholera outbreak

    1849 Philharmonic Hall

    1850 13th May Exchange railway terminus opened (Liverpool & Bury railway)

    1850 Liverpool first borough to establish Library Committee

    1850 17th January Liverpool Chamber of Commerce founded

    1851 Sandon Dock opened

    1851 10 April Great Float dock at Birkenhead officially opened

    1852 First Liverpool city public library opened (Duke Street)

    1852 Huskinsson Dock opened (extended 1860)

    1853 25th January/12th June? New Corn Exchange Building opened for business

    1853 Nathaniel Hawthorne becomes US Consul (until 1857)

    1853 Bromborough Pool village built

    1853 21st June Garston Dock opened (built by St Helens Canal & Railway Company)

    1854 14th March temporary dam built to enable work on tidal basin and graving docks at Birkenhead collapsed

    1854 Cholera outbreak

    1854 18th September St George’s Hall foundation stone

    1855 August takeover of Birkenhead docks by Liverpool Corporation

    1856 Lewis’s department store (first ever)

    1856 John Sadler invents transfer printing to pottery

    1857 15th April foundation stone laid for public library and museum

    1857 9th September Jewish synagogue opened in Hope Place

    1858 Liverpool Steam Ship Owners Association formed

    1858 1st January 1st meeting of Mersey Docks & Harbour Board – formed to take over operation of docks on both sides of the estuary

    1858 Wapping Dock opened – and joined to Salthouse by a cut

    1858 St George’s Hall completed

    1858 11th January new registry office opened

    1859 16th September Canada dock opened

    1860 Street tramways introduced in Birkenhead (1st in Europe) (electrified 1901; tramway system closed 1937)

    1860 Altcar Rifle Ranges – led to foundation of National Rifle Association

    1860 Central Library & Museum opened in William Brown Street

    1860 27th June ‘William Singer’ 1st cotton ship arrives in Liverpool

    1860 29th August death of Jesse Hartley, dock engineer

    1860 1st November Great Float at Birkenhead opened

    1861 11th February Wirral directory first published

    1862 Canada half-tide dock built (renamed Brocklebank)

    1862 8th October Garibaldi riots at Birkenhead

    1864 Oriel Chambers designed by Peter Ellis (cast iron frame used)

    1864 January Lottie Sleigh blew up after taking on board gunpowder from magazine ships at Tranmere

    1864 Sebastian Ferranti born in Liverpool

    1864 Herculaneum floating dock opened

    1864.1865? 15th May excavations to lay water pipes in London Road near Commutation Row uncover remains of prince Rupert’s army trenches dug during Civil War siege of Liverpool

    1865 Playhouse Theatre, Williamson Square opened (oldest in country)

    1865 Last Confederate ship to surrender at the end of American Civil War does so, to Mayor at Liverpool Town Hall

    1866 19th September Great Eastern arrives in Mersey after laying Atlantic cable

    1866 Oriel Chambers, Water Street built (important architecturally)

    1866 Sefton Park bought for £251,000 from Lord Sefton

    1866 Hooton to West Kirkby railway line opened

    1866 Alfred Dock (Birkenhead)

    1866 May Cholera outbreak

    1867 Prescot Local Government Board

    1867 26th March Sefton Park bought by Liverpool Corporation

    1868 Runcorn railway bridge

    1868 First borough to secure an Act of Parliament to establish a tram system

    1869 1st municipal/council housing – St Martin’s Cottages, Silvester Street, Vauxhall opened (demolished 1977)

    1869 White Star Line formed (Oceanic Steam Navigation Co.)

    1870 Meyer Library, Bebington

    1870 Liverpool School Board set up

    1872 Sefton Park opened

    1872? Tate & Lyle sugar refinery opened in Love Lane (closed 1981)

    1873 Stanley Park

    1874 West Lancashire Golf Club founded at Blundellsands

    1874 Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire railway line extended from Garston to Central railway station

    1875 2nd Garston dock opened

    1876 Royal Liverpool’s Seamen Orphanage Institution, Newsham Park opened (closed 1949)

    1876/1877 Walker art Gallery opened (first British public art gallery)

    1877 Birkenhead incorporated – John Laird 1st mayor

    1877 Huyton Local Government Board established

    1878 Everton FC founded at Stanley Park

    1878 Death of Samuel Cunard

    1879 Langton Dock built

    1879 Picton reading room added to Central Library

    1880 11th May Charter granting Liverpool city status

    1880 Cunard Steam Ship Company becomes a public company

    1880 Granton Road School opened

    1880 Prince’s food company founded

    1881 University College (granted charter in 1903)

    1881 14th July foundation stone of Vyrnwy laid by Earl of Powis

    1881 Attempt by Fenians to blow up Town Hall

    1881 8th September Langton Docks opened

    1882 Liverpool Home for Aged Mariners built at Egremont

    1882 10th April Bootle Town Hall opened

    1883 Municipal Buildings opened in Dale Street

    1883 19th April Liverpool Society for the PrDATEion of Cruelty to Children (later NSPCC)

    1883 21st June Wirral Children’s Home, Oxton officially opened

    1884 17th January, borings for Mersey tunnel meet

    1884 Britain’s first qualified woman doctor starts practice in Liverpool

    1884 January, Hornby Dock built

    1884 Wallasey dock

    1886 Liverpool International Exhibition of Navigation, Travelling, Commerce & Manufacturing opened in Liverpool by Queen Victoria

    1886 Mexico disaster at Horse Bank off Southport – 27 lifeboat men killed

    1886 20th January rail tunnel under Mersey declared open by Prince of Wales (first tunnel under water in world)

    1886 Hamilton Square railway station, Birkenhead opened

    1887 10th February Birkenhead Town Hall opened

    1887 22nd June Bootle free library & museum opened

    1887 Oldest mosque in UK set up at house in Vernon Street, Liverpool (moved to Brougham Terrace 1889)

    1887 11th November, 1st sod of Manchester Ship Canal cut at Eastham

    1888 Poet and critic Matthew Arnold died at Dingle

    1888 3rd March 1st sod cut at Port Sunlight

    1888 Liverpool Overhead Railway Company formed

    1888 Barnham & Bailey visit

    1889 Royal Infirmary, Pembroke Place opened (designed with advice from Florence Nightingale)

    1889 15th July, Death of Sir James Picton, local historian & antiquarian

    1889 Britain’s first mosque (a gathering in Brougham Terrace)

    1889 Lancashire Watch Company founded at Prescot

    1889 First epileptic hospital founded at Maghull

    1889 First pre-payment gas meters introduced in Cazneau Street, Liverpool by Liverpool Gas Company

    1890 First steam lifeboat Duke of Northumberland had trials in Albert Dock

    1891 Manchester Ship Canal

    1891 British Insulated Wire Company (later BIHC/BICC) founded at Prescot

    1890/1892 Ex-Liverpool City Engineer John Brodie invented football goal nets

    1892 First John West canned goods arrive in Liverpool

    1892 29th September Aintree Racecourse grandstand destroyed by fire

    1892 Everton FC move to Goodison Park

    1892 John West

    1893 14th August Queen Victoria charter allows Liverpool to have a Lord Mayor

    1893 4th February, Overhead Railway opened

    1894 First radio transmission (by Sir Oliver Lodge)

    1894 Huyton UDC formed

    1894 21st May or 25th? Manchester ship Canal officially opened by Queen Victoria

    1895 Albert Dock built

    1895 10th July, new Riverside railway station, Prince’s Dock formally opened

    1896 First ever feature film Liverpool Scene’s by Lumiere Brothers

    1896 5th October Palm House, Sefton Park officially opened

    1896 X-rays first used in Liverpool for medical diagnosis

    1896 Canada dock branch 1 built

    1896 4th January Liverpool Cotton Exchange opened

    1896 Liverpool Self-Propelled Traffic association formed

    1897 Liverpool is first to employ women health visitors

    1897 William Crawford starts biscuit manufacture in Binns Road, Liverpool

    1898/1899 22 April, School of Tropical Medicine opened (world’s first)

    1898 Philharmonic pub

    1898 1st April Birkenhead Municipal Borough formed into one civil parish

    1898 Crosby lighthouse burnt down

    1898 First electric trams run in city

    1899 Canada graving dock built

    1899 6th September 1st sailing of ‘Oceanic’

    1900 World’s biggest bonded warehouse built at Stanley Dock

    1900 31st July George’s Dock closed

    1900 18 – 21st September start of Eisteddfod at Liverpool

    1900 Liverpool Exhibition

    1901 Sandon half-tide dock

    1901 First escalator in a railway station

    1901 1st August Victoria Park, Birkenhead opened

    1901 14th August electrification of Birkenhead tramway system

    1902 June 1st, use of illuminated tram car(for Edward VII coronation)

    1902 Huskinsson dock branch 1 built

    1903 Canada dock branch 2 built

    1903 Work starts on Liverpool’s first ring road Queen’s Drive

    1903 3rd May electrification of Mersey railway line

    1903 Hamilton Square gardens opened to public (previously private)

    1903 15th July University granted charter status

    1904 19th July foundation stone of Anglican Church laid

    1905 Runcorn transporter bridge

    1905 Queen’s dock branch 2

    1906 Statue of Queen Victoria unveiled in Derby Square

    1906 Blue Coat school moves to Wavertree

    1906 King’s dock branches 1 and 2 opened

    1906 Queen’s graving dock

    1906 30th November opening of new Cotton Exchange

    1907 Garston public baths opened

    1907 Meccano registered by Frank Hornby

    1907 15th July opening of new Mersey Docks & Harbour Board offices

    1907 August 28th commemoration of Liverpool’s First Charter

    1907 16th November maiden voyage of Maurentania from Liverpool

    1907 7th September maiden voyage of Lusitania from Liverpool

    1908 First scout troop in world formed in Birkenhead

    1908 20th October new south dock at Garston opened

    1909 Wellington memorial

    1909 Britain’s first woman councillor (Eleanor Rathbone)

    1909 First Woolworth’s in Britain opened in Church Street

    1910 19th July Royal charter granted to Wallasey

    1910 29th November plane flight across Mersey and back

    1910? Alder Hey Children’s Hospital

    1910 Estate bought for development of Liverpool Garden Suburb (Wavertree)

    1911 20th July Royal Liver Friendly Society building opened – Liver building clock started at exact moment of coronation of King George V (22 June)

    1911 28th June Liverpool dock workers strike

    1911 Bowring Park (Roby) becomes first municipal golf course in England

    1913 11th July King’s visit

    1913 4th June Old Swan Library opened by Cllr EC Given

    1913 Liverpool Exhibition

    1913 6th December new reservoir (connected to Vyrnwy) opened

    1915 1st coal raised from Cronton colliery

    1916 Cunard building opened

    1916 29th October inauguration of Jewish centre at 6 Princes Road

    1917 Airfield created at Hooton Park (site closed 1957)

    1919 First ever police strike in Liverpool

    1920 30th August Liverpool Courier fails to appear for first time in 112 (due to printers strike)

    1921 15th August Alwen reservoir opened (supplying Birkenhead)

    1922 2nd October former city cathedral (St Peter’s) demolished

    1922 16th December Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight opened

    1923 Littlewoods founded

    1924 Carnegie Welfare Centre, Oxford Street opened

    1924 30th April new air service between Belfast & Liverpool

    1924 19th July Anglican cathedral consecrated by Archbishop of Canterbury

    1925 4th May first juvenile court in the country opened in Liverpool

    1925 Stoves Ltd, gas appliance manufacturers opened (Whiston/Rainhill)

    1925 December construction work starts on Liverpool side of Mersey (Queensway) Tunnel

    1926 10th March, digging work starts on Birkenhead side of Queensway Tunnel

    1926 Start of Norris Green housing estate

    1926 Sir Henry Seagrave raises world speed record on Birkdale Sands

    1927 Liverpool’s first ever woman mayor (Margaret Bevan)

    1927 19th July Gladstone Docks opened

    1927 Work on Liverpool’s first ring road at Queens Drive completed

    1928 March work starts on East Lancs Road

    1928 December Williamson Art Gallery, Birkenhead opened

    1928 3rd April Boreholes from Birkenhead and Liverpool sides for Mersey Tunnel works meet midway

    1928 3rd July 1st meeting of Liverpool & District Aero Club at Hooton

    1929 5th August Eistedfood opens at Sefton Park

    1929 First Boy Scouts International Jamboree held at Arrowe Park

    1930 Start of Dovecot housing estate

    1931 Britain’s first training centre for guide dogs opened at Wallasey

    1931 17th April Bromborough Dock officially opened

    1932 22nd April Trafalgar Dock opened

    1933 28th April Bidston Dock opened

    1933 1st July Speke airport opens as the UK’s first provincial airport (owned by Corporation)

    1933 British Interplanetary Society founded in Liverpool (first in world)

    1933 5th June foundation stone of roman Catholic Cathrdral laid

    1934 18th July Queensway Road tunnel opened under Mersey by King George V

    1934 18th July East Lancs Road officially opened by King George V

    1934 Walton Hall Park opened by King George V

    1934 Merger of Cunard & White Star

    1935 King & Queen visit to celebrate 25th anniversary of reign

    1936 Myrtle Gardens flats built (on site of Liverpool Orphanage)

    1936 Work starts on first purpose-built municipal industrial estate (Speke)

    1936 1st round trip Atlantic fight- UK takeoff at Birkdale Sands

    1937 13th April ‘Ark Royal’ launched at Birkenhead

    1938 Royal Visit

    1938 Fazakerley Day Open air School for Delicate Children opened

    1939 19th June new Philharmonic Hall opens

    1939 31st August Instructions for evacuation of children given

    1939 Royal ordnance factory at Kirkby

    1940 Hawker hurricane plane crashes into Mersey

    1940 Internment camp set up at Huyton

    1941 8th – 15th May Liverpool blitz

    1944 Britain’s first Chinese newspaper (Hua Chow Pao)

    1947 End of illuminated tram car

    1948 Ness Gardens given to Liverpool University

    1948 14th March ceremony for electrification of Wirral railway line (also last day of steam trains)

    1950 Britain’s first scheduled passenger helicopter service ran from Speke airport (Liverpool’s to Cardiff)

    1955 May – June seaman’s strike (Liverpool and London)

    1956 30 December Closure of overhead railway

    1957 Cavern Club opens

    1957 14th September Last trams in Liverpool

    1958 7th May – visit of Queen Mother

    1958 Kirkby UDC

    1959 19th November – visit of Princess Margaret to Liverpool

    1960 Martin’s bank, Liverpool first in country (or world?) to use a computer

    1961 Runcorn Road bridge

    1963 Car plant completed by Ford at Halewood

    1967 Liverpool Roman Catholic Cathedral consecrated

    1970 Liverpool polytechnic (formally Liverpool ‘Mechanic’s & Apprentices’ Library) (later became JMU)

    1970 Britain’s first public planetarium (Liverpool Museum)

    1971 Knowsley Safari Park

    1972 M52, M62 motorway

    1972 Kingsway Road Tunnel under Mersey opened

    1973 Croxteth Park given to public by Countess of Sefton

    1977 21st June consecration of Anglican Cathedral by Queen Elizabeth II

    1978 Princess Anne visit

    1979 Visit of Queen Elizabeth II

    1981 Toxteth riots

    1981 Liverpool police first to use tear gas against rioters

    1982 Papal visit

    1984 8th May International Garden Festival

    1989 Liverpool Film Office

    1989 Hillsborough disaster

    1989 Pyramid Shopping Centre, Birkenhead opened

    1992 Mural in James Street station – largest work of art in a British railway station

    1994 17th May Royal Philharmonic plays inside Queensway tunnel to commemorate 60th anniversary of tunnel

    1995 Liverpool Institute of Performing Arts opened

    1996 Work begun on world’s first lung cancer research centre

    1997 Conservation Centre opened in former Midland Railway goods depot (country’s only conservation centre for public art)

    1997 Liverpool University offers Master of Business Administration Football Industries degree

    1997 Grand National disrupted by bomb scare

    1998 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine granted Freedom of the City on it’s centenary

    2001 Production of hard soap ends at Port Sunlight
    Last edited by Kev; 11-30-2006 at 10:24 PM.
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  2. #2
    Senior Member ChrisGeorge's Avatar
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    Nov 2006
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    Hi Kev

    Probably should add the following date important for Liverpool history:

    1807 Abolition of slavery in the British Empire

    Christopher T. George
    Editor, Ripperologist
    Editor, Loch Raven Review
    Chris on Flickr and on MySpace

  3. #3
    Creator & Administrator Kev's Avatar
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    Under The Stairs >> Under The Mud.
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    Quote Originally Posted by ChrisGeorge View Post
    Hi Kev

    Probably should add the following date important for Liverpool history:

    1807 Abolition of slavery in the British Empire

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  4. #4
    Senior Member phredd's Avatar
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    Feb 2007


    The story of an undertaking.

    The pictures that follow are taken from a book by the same name. The date of publication is not known but I think it was sometime in 1964/5 It was published by "The Town Clerk's Information Office" for the "Mersey Tunnel Joint Committee".
    I make no claim to the pictures nor text within the pictures.

    Today, 18 July a special day >>>>>>

    Lest anyone has forgotten ==== HAPPY BIRTHDAY tunnel:- 73 years old today.
    Give a thought to those that built it with only Pick, Shovel and Hand and the determination to carry on.

    Full story here >>>>

    In the days when we had nothing we had fun.
    If tomorrow starts without me, remember I was here.

  5. #5
    Senior Member shytalk's Avatar
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    That is just Great Phredd, most interesting article I have read in a long time, great pics in that book too. Thanks.
    You can always count on Americans to do the right thing - after they've tried everything else.
    Winston Churchill

  6. #6
    Senior Member ChrisGeorge's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by phredd View Post
    The story of an undertaking.

    The pictures that follow are taken from a book by the same name. The date of publication is not known but I think it was sometime in 1964/5 It was published by "The Town Clerk's Information Office" for the "Mersey Tunnel Joint Committee".
    I make no claim to the pictures nor text within the pictures.
    Fascinating, Phredd. Thanks for posting these excerpts from the book. The style of the book cover looks somewhat older than 1964/5 and since I see booksellers make the point that while there is "No date, but facts & figures given up to 31 March 1956" I would guess it might have been published in 1956 or in time for the 750th anniversary of Liverpool in 1957.

    All the best

    Christopher T. George
    Editor, Ripperologist
    Editor, Loch Raven Review
    Chris on Flickr and on MySpace

  7. #7
    Guest PhilipG's Avatar


    Kev, that's a long list.
    What's the source, please, as I've spotted some mistakes?

  8. #8
    Senior Member phredd's Avatar
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    Feb 2007


    Shy & Chris

    Sorry to say I missed sending these three pages of Facts & Figures.
    They should have been included in the post.

    Chris, look at the last page:- "Traffic Figures 1934 - 1964. That is where I got the info from.

    Its a very interesting book and has plenty more pics of the same kind.


    ps = hope you can read the print. It looks very small.
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    In the days when we had nothing we had fun.
    If tomorrow starts without me, remember I was here.

  9. #9
    Senior Member ChrisGeorge's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by phredd View Post
    Shy & Chris

    Sorry to say I missed sending these three pages of Facts & Figures.
    They should have been included in the post.

    Chris, look at the last page:- "Traffic Figures 1934 - 1964. That is where I got the info from.

    Its a very interesting book and has plenty more pics of the same kind.


    ps = hope you can read the print. It looks very small.
    Ah, okay, Phredd. Fair enough!

    Christopher T. George
    Editor, Ripperologist
    Editor, Loch Raven Review
    Chris on Flickr and on MySpace

  10. #10
    Senior Member brian daley's Avatar
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    Default Liverpools' History

    I have looked on the site for peoples reminiscences of that great day in November 1980 when The Peoples March for Jobs started on its' journey from Sefton Park to London.It was one of the largest gatherings of people in Liverpools history,perhaps because it was peaceful it has passed from the common memory.I was there and I wrote of it at that time,the piece below was printed in the Transport and General Workers Unions' periodical"The Record"

    The mini bus seemed as though it would never start,half an hour late and I still had'nt made a single pick up. Ten of us there were that morning. Liverpool bound,worried about the weather and filled with memories of that bitter cold march at Brighton.
    For me though this was going to be an extra special occasion,of all the marches I had been onthis one had that little bit of an extra pull. Twenty eight years ago I had lived and played on the route that the march was to take.
    I was determined to take my ten year old son Steven with me on this march,but when I thought of Brighton I was filled with misgivings.
    Well,were on our way now,me at the wheel and my son beside me.If there was going to be any trouble I would make sure my was safe,and anyway,we were not travelling 120 miles just for "aggro".
    All the way up the M6 we passed coaches filled with people on their way to the 'pool. They were'nt hard to pick out,the coach windows were plastered with anti Tory posters.
    We lost count of how many coaches by the time we reached Knutsford, "It's looking good " said one of the lads'.I could do nothing but agree.
    We went up the M56 through Runcorn and Speke and there was'nt a single coach in sight. Through Garston ,Grassendale and then on to Aigburth Vale, and still no sign of coaches;it was 10.50 a.m.,and as were supposed to muster at 11.00a.m.,I was worried.
    "Where the hell have they all got to ?" I asked out loud.

    Along Aigburth Vale,they should be coming up on the right now...........
    "There they are Dad!" yelled Steven,pointing excitedly. And so they were.
    Hundreds of them,nose to tail,driving around the parks perimeter road.
    The nearer we got to Ullett Road the more to looked like the Liverpool I remembered from the local derby days. Pavements full of people walking in one direction.
    I dropped off our party and parked the coach in the city centre..We would be in plenty of time if we caught the bus back.
    There was a notice posted on the bus shelter warning people about the disruption to services that day "No buses for three hours,that will make us popular lad " I said to Steven. "Don't worry luv" said an old woman beside me,"We've been wantin' summat' like this since that cow's bin in govvimint!"
    Well,that was a positive response anyway.
    On the bus it was even better,it was like a holiday atmosphere,nearly everyone aboard was headed for the park.Young and old,friends and strangers,sitting laughing and joking together,showing of that sharp "Scouse" wit as they made ribald remarks at Maggie Thatchers expense.
    And soon we were heading down Lodge Lane on foot to get back to the park and find our branch banner.
    Every kind of accent that exists in Great Britain could be heard about us.It wasa about this time that I began to think that this could well equal any of those demos' we'd been to in London. When we got to the park I was sure of it. What a sight it was, the cold clear autumn sun,glaring through bare branches of the trees,winking off brassed topped banner poles,burnishing the gold and scarlet standards.
    There were thousands,tens of thousands,standing beneath banners bright. This was an army,this was working class splendour.
    Images of Agincourt sprung to mind, it was breathtaking,all the colours,all the people,all the bands,and of course,the Police,there seemed quite a few of them too.
    Brighton again? No,look closer,they're relaxed and smiling. O.K.,now to find our banner.
    Just looking for it was a pleasure,to see the faces of old friends not seen since the last demo,or the one before.A quick hello and then onward to the TGWU section.
    Just made it and then we were off. As soon as the march was on its' way we knew that this was going to be different. The difference was that here we were made welcome,the welcome was on the faces of the onlookers,in their cheers and their waves.It was a vast festive procession,shoppers and shopkeepers thronged the sides of the march,tipplers came out of the pubs' and people leaned out of upstairs windows.
    This was not Londonwith its tourists,who often looked us as thoughwe were some curious English custom. There were no flunkeyed doormen to sneer at us nor were there any hostile remarks. Here we were welcomed,wanted.

    By God we were needed. It was 28 years since I was here and there was hardly anything left of my childhood home.The house was gone ,an old estate car stood on the remains of the living room floor,the street was gone too,boarded up with corrugated iron. It was most probably waiting for Maggie Thatchers free enterprise heaven to arrive.
    And on we marched,our banner billowing proudly in the breeze."It's just like marching to war" I thought "Fighting against the destruction of peoples souls.The war is being waged against us because we wanted something better" Aye ,and Consett,Shotton,Glasgow,Liverpool and all those other towns that supplied the muscle of Britains Imperial past are now the battlegrounds. Maggie ,you took us on,this is a fight we were not looking for,but when you close our factories,our hospitals and schools,when you leave us without a place to live and you cause our old people to starve and die of cold.......then Maggie,look out !! for we will fight ,and fight hard!
    The winds were getting stronger now as we neared the waterfront,two and ahalf miles of marching and cheering ,and the biggest cheers came from the poorest dwellings. The delight on the peoples was writ plain for all to see as they saw us coming past. "They're from from Birmingham Mum" "Look they're from Scotland !" "Good on yer Taffys'" "Hurray for the Paddys'!" This was the first march that I had been on where the spectators cheered louder than the demonstrators.
    Well,we were at the Pier Head now,heady with the success of it all,overwhelmed at the welcome,nothing could beat it we said. But we were wrong. It was now one o'clock and the Pier Head was chock full!
    Michael Foot was in full flood and th applause was like Wembley,Goodison and Anfield combined. And stiil the marchers poured through Liverpool,and four hours later they were still coming.
    Brothers and Sisters,if you were in Liverpool ,you will know of what I write.
    But how about you gentlefolk who were absent that day? Where were you? The army of the unemployed will march through your town soon. Don't wait until you are one of them before you give them your support. The Labour Party wants your help in fighting this cancer.

    How times have changed,those desolate streets we marched through have been consigned to the dustbin of history,the Liverpool of today is vibrant and on the verge of a great new year. Were we so wrong all those years ago?,did the march strike chords in peoples hearts. I was on the final leg of the March in London and that was a huge occasion,festive and peaceful,shortly after that I bade goodbye to politics and settled down to being self employed. Days Of Hope eh?

  11. #11
    Newbie king john's Avatar
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    Jan 2007
    king john's hunting lodge, sefton park



  12. #12
    Re-member Ged's Avatar
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    Dec 2006
    Here, there & everywhere.


    Hello and welcome King John, is that really you though?

    Updated weekly with old and new pics.

  13. #13
    Guest chippie's Avatar


    hello king john, if that is really you, i,m on richards side and when he gets back from over the water we,re gonner whoop yer ass!

  14. #14
    Re-member Ged's Avatar
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    Here, there & everywhere.


    Something missed off that Liverpool notable events too.

    1997: Chippie got the round in

    Updated weekly with old and new pics.

  15. #15
    Guest chippie's Avatar


    Well yer wrong there Gedrick, coz when I got THAT round in I took the money out of you,re pocket!!!

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