Jesse Hartley (1780-1860)
Not a born and bred "scouser" i know,( a yorkshireman) but his buildings,such as the Albert dock,Canada dock,etc, are now synonomous with Liverpool's national, and international identity! He lived in liverpool for around 40 yrs,and died in Bootle in 1860,where he was buried in st. Mary's church. This was bombed, and destroyed, in 1941,leaving only the cemetery. I came across his(and his wife's)gravestones,which had been moved,and sited, rather ignominiously, under other stones.I would have thought that a better place for these memorials could be found, now that his worth as an engineer, and architect, for Liverpool is recognised. Here's a few pic's which i hope turn out!(I also hope this is the right heading
Originally Posted by wsteve55
Fascinating photographs, Steve, and very interesting that you located the graves of Jesse Hartley and his wife. You are correct that he wasn't born a Scouser but his contributions to the city were substantial enough and residence long enough to make him a Scouser. Thanks for starting this thread, Steve.
Portrait courtesy of Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an entry on Jesse Hartley which states in part:
Jesse Hartley was born in Pontefract, Yorkshire, England 21st December 1780, died Bootle, Liverpool 24th August 1860. He was ‘Civil Engineer and Superintendent of the Concerns of the Dock Estate’ in Liverpool, England between 1824 and 1860.
Despite having no experience of dock building, Hartley was the first full-time professional dock engineer in the world. He had previously worked for his father, Bernard Hartley who was a stonemason, architect and bridgemaster, John Carr and the Duke of Devonshire.
Initially he was appointed Deputy Dock Surveyor to John Foster Jr. However, due to John Foster Jr. resigning three days later, he was promoted to Acting Dock Surveyor. During his service, he not only built new docks, but also modernised all of the existing docks, with the exception of the Old Dock (opened in 1715) which had become disused and filled in. The docks at Liverpool grew from 46 to 212 acres (19 to 86 ha) during his tenure.
In 1831 he was appointed to convert the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal to a railway line. He persuaded the company to keep the canal open and build the railway more or less along its route.
Between 1841 and 1843 he prepared a number of different designs for fireproof construction of dockside warehouses. In 1843, he made models of warehouse arches at the Trentham Street Dockyard, to test sheet iron lined timber floored building method and brick and iron building materials. Through fire testing of these models, he eventually convinced the Dock Board Trustees of the benefits of his iron framed construction method. These experiments proved the worthiness of his fireproof design and he designed the Albert Dock to these specifications.
Hartley’s improvements over earlier dock and warehouse design included the use of locks to keep the water at a constant level, so that loading and unloading of ships’ cargoes was not reliant on the tide and the enclosure of the dock with high boundary walls, to reduce theft from the docks. He also adapted and improved the design of St Katherine’s Dock in London, by incorporating high arches in the buildings to accommodate cranes.
Clarence Dock – opened 1830
Brunswick Dock – opened 1832
Waterloo Dock – opened 1834
Victoria Dock – opened 1836
Trafalgar Dock – opened 1836
Canning Half-tide Dock - opened 1837
Albert Dock – opened 1845 (Officially opened 1846 by the Prince Consort)
Salisbury Dock – opened 1848
Collingwood Dock – opened 1848
Stanley Dock – opened 1848
Nelson Dock – opened 1848
Bramley-Moore Dock – opened 1848
Wellington Dock - opened in 1851
Wellington Half-tide Dock
Sandon Dock – opened 1849
Huskisson Dock – opened 1852
Canada Dock – opened 1859
Hartley utilised an eclectic mix of styles and methods of construction in the various buildings associated with the docks. These ranged from the cyclopean to ordinary brick built methods and styles as diverse as Greek revival and severe Gothic.
Albert Dock Warehouses
Wapping Dock Warehouse
Stanley Dock Warehouses
Stanley and Wapping Docks’ Accumulator towers
Canada Dock Accumulator tower (demolished)
Wapping Policeman’s Lodge
Salthouse Dock Transit shed (rebuilt granite gable end survives)
Canning Half-tide Dock Watchmen’s Huts
This man is a true hero! He had so much influence over the docks, and his creations live on to this day.
Originally Posted by ChrisGeorge
Although it should be pointed out that the Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse was not to his designs (and was built 40 years after his death), the rest of the dock was all his. A good example too, as the pumping station and dockside features all survive in varying conditions. I'd recommend next time anyone is down that way on a Sunday they go into the market just to look at the buildings!
Thanks for that information on Hartley and Stanley Dock. Hartley definitely stands out as a leader in making Liverpool great.
I've only just joined this forum but I've been a member of Yo!Liverpool group on Flickr for some time. I'm afraid I missed the original posting of Jesse Hartley's grave photos. Is there somewhere I can go to view them? I've been taking an active interest (and a few photos!) of the docks which are on my Flickr site (search for TWastro) and would like some info. on the graves whereabouts.
Where? as far as I see,wsteve55 didn't post a link to the photies at the time.
Fascinating photographs, Steve
Just managed to find these pic's,showing the gravestone,and the church,(St.Mary's,in Rimrose rd. Bootle)before it's destruction,by bombing,in WW2. The other memorial,commemorates the "improvements"carried out at the cemetery,in 1960.
P.S. Welcome to Yo,Tony!
Last edited by wsteve55; 05-07-2011 at 02:13 AM.
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