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Liverpool - Firsts and Other Facts
432 - St Patrick said to have sailed from the River Mersey on his mission to Ireland
1007 - First mention of the River Mersey, in a deed from the reign of Ethelread II, the name is old English from Maere, meaning boundary
1166 - First mention of Liverpool, in a deed of the Earl of Mortain, later King John.
1207 - King John signed a Royal Charter, creating the borough of Liverpool, on Tuesday 28th August 1207.
1235 - Liverpool Castle built (near the modern Derby Square, demolished 1721).
1272 - First census, population 840.
1282 - First Mersey ferry, established by monks at Birkenhead Priory.
1351 - First recorded mayor, William, son of Adam.
1515 - Liverpool’s first Town Hall built.
1522 - First grammar school (founded by John Crosse of Crosse-Hall).
1580 - Liverpool’s first Town Council.
1647 - Liverpool was made a free and independent port, no longer subject to Chester.
1648 - First recorded cargo from America landed at Liverpool.
1650 - The council passed an order creating Liverpool’s fire brigade: “That the bailiffs cause leather buckets and four or six hooks to be made for pulling down any house being on fire – which God defend”.
1676 - Liverpool’s second Town Hall built.
1679 - Liverpool’s Mayor founded the world’s first charity for sailors.
1700 - Liverpool’s population 5,714. The first recorded Liverpool slave ship, the Liverpool Merchant, sold a cargo of 220 slaves in Barbados.
1708 - The first reference to scouse (by Ned Ward in The Wooden World Dissected).
1709 - First cargo of cotton traded in Liverpool.
1715 - World’s first wet dock controlled by floodgates (Steer’s Old Dock, Canning Place).
1754 - Liverpool’s third Town Hall built, designed by John Wood the Elder of Bath.
1758 - First circulating library (Lyceum).
1763 - Liverpool’s Dock master built the first lighthouses to use parabolic mirrors (at Hoylake and Bidston).
1774 - Matthew Dobson, a Liverpool physician, discovered the link between suger and diabetes.
1776 - First public use of Ether as an anaesthetic. Liverpool’s first newspaper published (Liverpool Advertiser).
1786 - Europe’s first purpose built prison (Great Howard Street).
1790 - World’s first American Consul (James Maury).
1791 - First school for blind people (Commutation Row, and later London Road in 1800).
1793 - The only municipality with the right to issue its own money (300.00 pounds).
1795 - Liverpool Town Hall severely damaged by fire, reconstructed by James Wyatt.
1797 - The Liverpool Athenaeum founded.
1800 - Liverpool’s population 77,708.
1803 - First underwriters association (Liverpool underwriters Association).
1812 - The only assassination of a British Prime Minister. Spencer Percival was shot by bankrupt Liverpool merchant John Bellingham. Britain’s first balloon ascent by J Sadler of Liverpool. In 1824, he was ‘thrown out of his balloon near Blackburn, which caused his death’.
1813 - Liverpool’s first outdoor public sculpture (Nelson Monument in Exchange Flags), first paid for by public subscription.
1814 - World’s first cast iron church (St Georges, Everton).
1823 - First mechanics lending library.
1825 - World’s first school for deaf people.
1830 - World’s first train shed and first large wooden railway station roof at Crown Street Station). First railway passenger fatality (William Huskisson).
1835 - World’s first railway timetable published (Lacy’s).
1838 - First travelling Post Office (a horse box fitted out as a sorting office) ran between Liverpool and Birmingham on 6th January.
1840 - World’s first scheduled transatlantic passenger service (the wooden paddle-streamer Britannia owned by Samuel Cunard). Britain’s first Borough Engineer appointed. Welsh national Eisteddfod held in Liverpool (and in 1851, 1884,1900 and 1929). World’s first photograph developing and printing service.
1841 - Society for the prevention of Cruelty to Animals, later RSPCA, founded. First British purpose-built office block (Brunswick Buildings).
1842 - World’s first public Baths and Wash-houses founded by Kitty Wilkinson (Upper Frederick Street).
1844 - First girl’s day grammar school in England (Blackburne House).
1846 - Albert Dock opened by Prince Albert, now the country’s largest group of Grade 1 listed buildings.
1847 - World’s first Medical Officer of Health (Dr William Duncan).
1848 - First British trades council (Liverpool Trades Guardian Association).
1850 - First borough to establish a Library Committee. Royal Liver Friendly Society (a burial club) formed, it later became a major insurance company that built the Royal Liver Buildings.
1851 - First provincial children’s hospital (Upper Hill Street).
1857 - World’s first Rugby Club (Liverpool Rugby Club). Britain’s first Chess Club (Liverpool Chess Club).
1859 - First nurse to be paid for looking after the poor (employed by William Rathbone).
1860 - First purpose built public library.
1861 - Britain’s first ecumenical conference. First shot in the American Civil War was fired from a gun made by Liverpool firm Fawcett and Preston (also see 1865).
1862 - First provincial School of Nursing.
1864 - First major Slum Clearence Scheme, the Liverpool Sanitary Amendment gave the Medical Officer of Health the power to order the demolition of unsafe and unfit buildings.
1865 - The last confederate ship to surrender at the end of the American Civil War (Shenandoah, 6th November, to the Mayor at Liverpool Town Hall).
1867 - Liverpool Corporation brought Britain’s first steamroller. Britain’s first cycling club (Liverpool Velocipedes). World’s largest train shed (200 ft/61 meters).
1868 - First borough to secure and Act of Parliament to establish a tram system.
1869 - Britain’s first municipal housing (St Martins Cottages, Silvester Street).
1870 - First society of accountants (Liverpool Society of Accountants).
1875 - First disarmament campaign (Liverpool Peace Society)
1877 - First British public Art Gallery (Walker art Gallery)
1880 - Queen Victoria grants Liverpool the right to call itself a city (11th may). Liverpool’s first Bishop appointed (Rev John Ryle). T.P. O’Connor elected as the first Irish Nationalist MP to represent an English constituency (Liverpool Exchange).
1883 - The Liverpool Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, later the NSPCC, founded on April 19th by T.F. Agnew and Samuel Smith.
1884 - Britain’s first woman to qualify as a doctor opens a practice in Liverpool.
1886 - First under-river railway tunnel constructed under the River Mersey. First purpose-built ambulance in Britain (at the Northern Hospital)
1889 - First pre-payment gas meters installed by the Liverpool Gas Company (Cazeneau Street). Liverpool’s Police Force the first to be equipped with rubber soled boots for night duty.
1890 - Football goal nets invented by ex-City Engineer John Brodie.
1892 - The first Marine Biological Station (at Liverpool University).
1893 - World’s first overhead electric railway opened by the Marquis of Salisbury on February 4th. League of Welldoers founded by an American, Lee Jones. Queen Victoria grants Liverpool the right to have a Lord Mayor (August 14th).
1895 - First British School of Architecture and Applied Art.
1896 - First British use of x-ray in medical diagnosis (at the Southern Hospital).
1897 - First to employ women health visitors.
1898 - First to appoint a Municipal Bacteriologist.
1899 - Britain’s first School of Tropical Medicine opened on April 22nd.
1900 - Liverpool’s population 684,947. The largest tobacco warehouse in the world built at Stanley Dock. It was built of 27 million bricks, has 36 acres of storage space and could hold 70,000 hogsheads of tobacco.
1901 - Britain’s first anti-tuberculosis campaign. First escalator in a railway station (at Seaforth Sands Station, on the Overhead Railway). Patent for Meccano taken out by Frank Hornby.
1902 - Britain’s first motor fire engine (at Hatton Garden Fire Station).
1903 - Liverpool’s first regular tram service began between the Pier Head and St Helen’s.
1904 - Foundation stone of Liverpool’s Anglican Cathedral laid. University of Liverpool the first in Britain to establish a school of Veterinary Science.
1909 - Britain’s first woman Councillor (Eleanor Rathbone). Britain’s first Woolworth’s opened at 25 Church Street.
1911 - The Royal Liver Building Clock, the biggest in Britain, started at the moment of King George V’s Coronation, June 22nd.
1912 - First automatic telephone exchange.
1913 - Britain’s first Flag Day held, in aid of the Council of Social Service. The world’s first crossword puzzle was compiled by Liverpool born Arthur Wynne and appeared in the New York World.
1919 - First and only Police Force to go on strike. First department of Oceanography (at Liverpool University).
1924 - First hyperbolic cooling tower in Britain (at Lister Drive power station).
1927 - Liverpool’s first woman Lord Mayor (Margaret Bevan). First British Arts Centre (Bluecoat).
1932 - First purpose built boxing stadium in Britain (Bixteth Street).
1933 - Foundation stone of Liverpool’s Roman Catholic Cathedral laid. First use of gas and air in childbirth (Dr R.J. Minnett at the Maternity Hospital). Liverpool Airport opened at Speke.
1934 - First Mersey Tunnel opened (Queensway). First British police force to use a two way radio communications system. First provincial news theatre (the Tatler in Church Street).
1936 - First act giving a council the right to buy, sell and develop land (Liverpool Corporation Act). First purpose built municipal industrial estate (Speke).
1937 - Liverpool highest recorded population 867,000.
1944 - Britain’s first Chinese newspaper (Hua Chow Pao).
1946 - First footballer to score three consecutive hat-tricks (Jack Balmer, playing for Liverpool FC).
1947 - World’s first Radar Lighthouse.
1952 - First hospital radio service. Britain’s first package holiday flight (from Liverpool Airport).
1953 - Liverpool singer Lita Roza the first British woman to top the chats (How Much is that Doggy in the Window?).
1959 - Britain’s first drive-in bank (National Westminster Bank in Prince’s Road). First mass x-ray campaign.
1960 - First bank in the world to use a computer (Martin’s)
1962 - First port in Britain to use a computer (Mersey Docks & Harbour Company).
1964 - First Police Force to use closed-circuit television.
1967 - First seminar in Britain for orchestra conductors (held by the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra). Liverpool’s Roman Catholic Cathedral consecrated.
1970 - Britain’s first public planetarium (Liverpool Museum).
1971 - Second Mersey Tunnel opened (Kingsway).
1978 - Liverpool’s Anglican Cathedral is consecrated. The world’s largest Anglican Cathedral has the world’s largest organ and highest and heaviest peal of bells.
1984 - First football club to win three major competitions in one season (Liverpool FC).
TWENTY FIRST CENTURY
2007 - Liverpool celebrates its 800th birthday.
2008 - Liverpool is European Capital of Culture.
Taken from ‘marketing’ publication by Liverpool City Council
Last edited by Kev; 08-28-2013 at 09:54 PM.
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Kev, there are some truly remarkable facts here, thanks for posting them.
some fascinating things have come out of Liverpool...
No mention of the thousands of Irish immigrants to Liverpool mid 19century and shame, shame, shame not even a whisper to acknowledge the erection, pardon the pun, of the Lewis’s statue in 1952/53’ … it had many ladies of Liverpool complaining that it was too high while others were complaining it was too big … It was reported on the day that many lady shop assistants walked out of the store that day saying they had no intention of working under a big pr*ck like that.
No offence intended, it just happens to be the scuttle butt that was doing the rounds in Liverpool at the time.
A note of history, not a first.
Originally Posted by phill
and shame, shame, shame not even a whisper to acknowledge the erection, pardon the pun, of the Lewis’s statue in 1952/53’
I didn't realise that liverpool had all these firsts! makes me even prouder to be a scouser!!!
I've just been looking on ebay and found this book.
Is this another first ?
Sorry if it's been mentioned elsewhere, I did have a quick search but couldn't see anything
I've seen that in most book shops in town. News from nowhere dertainly has it.
I was just wondering if the books subject was a another first of Liverpool that hadn't been mentioned so far
Originally Posted by Ged
I've read that book. You can get it in the library.
Originally Posted by scouse smurf
George Harrison started benefit concerts when he arranged his concert for Bangladesh,without him there may not have been Live Aid/Live 8 etc.
league of welldoers
just been looking at the "Scottie Press" site, and apparently,Lee Jones was born in Runcorn.(1870) His full name was Herbert Lee Jackson Jones, which does seem to bear out some sort of American connection,though?
You could do a whole page of firsts just on Sport in Liverpool.
Red rum triple National winner, 1st numbers on shirts in football (Everton), 1st Match of the day game (Liverpool), Dixie Dean - 1st (and only) time 60 goals in a season, many LFC achievements etc etc...
Liverpool's first newspaper was surely the "Liverpool Advertiser and Mercantile Register" starting I think 1757, (PRO has microfilm) - I have transcribed material for it from 1759; and I seem to recall also that there may have been a short-lived newspaper back in the 1720s or 30s - although I don't know if copies survive.
http://tinyurl.com/2b78lg my main 18thC Liverpool site
Yesssss! Thanks for mentioning that! I miss George soooo much.
Originally Posted by Paul D
Like John Lennon perhaps!!! YEAH!
Originally Posted by johnlemmon
I was told (when I was a nipper) that Liverpool had the First Zebra Crossing & also the first Traffic Lights.
Would anyone know If these were True?
You could add that The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine has Many World Firsts to It's Credit!
The first Panda crossing at Aigburth Rd at the Mayfair. The first traffic lights were at Piccadilly Circus in London.
Originally Posted by Pegasus
They indirectly built the Panama Canal. They linked the mosquito to malaria, then a vaccine came out and the men did not die by the 1000s.
You could also add that Liverpool (at the University) had the UK's first Professorial Chair and Department of Biochemistry .
It was funded by Liverpool shipowner William Johnston.
Johnston's daughter, sadly, had previously died during childbirth which perhaps drove him to want to fund medical research.
Also in 1902, Sir Ronald Ross became the first British winner of a Nobel Prize (for medicine) for proving that malaria was spread by a type of mosquito. He was at the time a lecturer at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.
Great thread-lots of things I didn't know here!
The birth of a shopping tradition
By Paul Coslett
A British high street tradition started in Liverpool when in 1909 it was chosen as the first UK location for Woolworths.
The birth of a British shopping institution took place on Liverpool's Church Street on 5 November 1909 when, fittingly enough amongst a display of fireworks, Woolworths arrived.
The shopping chain, now threatened with closure after 99 years, opened its first UK store at 25-25a Church Street, Liverpool, with a performance by a full orchestra, circus acts and the fireworks.
?Woolies?, as Liverpudlians affectionately named it, was born in the United States by Frank Winfield Woolworth who in 1878 had started a chain of ?5 and Dime Stores? in New York.
Expanding to the UK, Woolworth, declared ?I believe that a good penny and sixpence store, run by a lively Yankee, would go down a storm in England,? a newspaper advert for the inaugural store, as well as mentioning the first floor tea room, proudly boasted ?Nothing in the Stores over 6d?.
25 Church Street location of the first Woolworths
The Liverpool Courier sent a reporter to cover the store's opening who reported "Many thousands of people yesterday afternoon and evening availed themselves of the opportunity afforded by the proprietors, Messrs. F. W. Woolworth & Co. Ltd., of inspecting their new stores at Church Street and Williamson Street.
"The handsome premises, formerly occupied by Henry Miles & Co., were thronged the whole time they were open, many no doubt attracted by the novel character of the business transacted.
"6D is the highest price charged for any single article in the establishment, but the variety of articles obtainable is infinite."
The UK?s second store opened in Preston and was swiftly followed by another on Liverpool?s London Road.
On its first day the London Road store was mobbed by ?shawlies? - a name given to working-class Liverpool women who were usually elderly and of scruffy appearance - assistants fainted, counters were pushed around and many customers left having failed to pay for their purchases.
Paul Fletcher has been researching the history of Woolworths in Liverpool and discovered that, due to the family ties of Frank Woolworth and director William Stephenson, the shop nearly started in a different part of the UK , "They set upon finding an area to build their new store," Fletcher explains.
"Stephenson was from the Midlands and knew that area well, Woolworth had family in Cambridge so could look to gain support from that area if chosen, but neither of these would get the ground breaking store."
A paving stone marks where St Peter's church stood
The demand for ?Woolies? goods soon outstripped the size of the original Liverpool stores and the chain took advantage of the demolition of St Peters Church on Church Street to build a large shop on the site, where it remained until its closure in 1983.
Now an entrance to the Liverpool One development stands on the store's site while the area's ecclesiastical history is commemorated by a gold cross in a paving slab which marks what was the centre of the St Peter's church entrance.
While he was building his UK empire Frank Woolworth was determined to make his mark on New York by constructing the world?s tallest building, the $15million cost came solely from his Woolworths dividends.
The building, designed in Gothic style by the Cass Gilbert, was complete by 1913 and rose to 792 feet high.
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