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Thread: Letters Patent of King John to Liverpool 1207 and Liverpool's Charters Since

  1. #1
    Creator & Administrator Kev's Avatar
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    Thumbs up Letters Patent of King John to Liverpool 1207 and Liverpool's Charters Since

    Letters Patent of King John to Liverpool 1207

    The attached images contain the actual letter patent and various seals.


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    John, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, Count of Anjou, to all his faithful people who have desired to have Burgages in the township of Liverpool, greeting. Know ye that we have granted to all our faithful people who have taken Burgages in Liverpool that they may have all the liberties and free customs in the township of Liverpool which any Free Borough on the sea has in our land. And therefore we command you that securely and in our peace you come there to receive and inhabit our Burgages. And in witness hereof we transmit to you these our Letters Patent. Witness Simon dePateshill at Winchester on the twenty-eighth day of August in the ninth year of our reign.


    All Image and information acknowledgments: Ian Wileman and Liverpool's Records Office

    Ian has requested that any one wishing to use a Charter image must seek his permission first, PM me and I will supply you with his contact details.
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    Last edited by Kev; 03-20-2013 at 02:30 PM.
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    Senior Member ChrisGeorge's Avatar
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    Hi Kev

    Nice to see these full colour images of the charter given to the town of Liverpool in 1207. I am quite used to black and white images of the charter and also enjoyed going to the Public Record Office in the 1960's and seeing some of the Liverpool charters which were then in glass cases. Each succeeding monarch I believe had to renew the charter. You had to pull on a cord to open up curtains to see the charter as I recall since the light would fade them. In 1957, at the time of the 750th celebration, I was given a softback book published on Liverpool history -- I was age nine then. Not sure if I still have the book. I was coming back to the United States on a Cunard liner (I believe the Media or Britannic) with my grandparents and I remember an American lady passenger named Miss Wright borrowed the book and spilled coffee on it! It wasn't irrepairably damaged but had the coffee stain on the edges of some pages.

    Chris
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    Creator & Administrator Kev's Avatar
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    Chris, I've got images of all the Charters and will be adding them soon....
    YO! Liverpool has taken me 10 years to develop and maintain.
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    Senior Member ChrisGeorge's Avatar
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    Thanks, Kev, I will look foward to seeing them. Some of the calligraphy on those old charters are a work of art in themselves, and the heraldry and pageantry of the seals is interesting as well.

    Chris
    Christopher T. George
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    Creator & Administrator Kev's Avatar
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    Default KING HENRY III 1229 CHARTER

    The traders in Liverpool soon wanted greater freedom. It happened in 1229 that King Henry III was in great financial difficulty and he was therefore very willing to sell further privileges. The inhabitants of Liverpool raised ten marks (around 6.50 at prices of that time) to buy a new charter of a very extensive kind.

    This charter was of the greatest importance in the history of the borough for it effectively remained the governing charter until the 17th century. It was much more elaborate and detailed than King John's grant. The rights entailed almost the highest degree of borough privileges. It included:

    a formal grant to the burgesses (inhabitants of the borough with full municipal rights) of the privileges of a Free Borough for ever - this was a more formal and definite grant of powers than before to an existing body of burgesses

    establishment of a borough independent of the shire or county especially for judicial purposes

    increased trading privileges - not only exemption from tolls within the borough but also from all such tolls throughout the kingdom

    formal empowerment to establish an association or guild merchant with privileges confirmed to members of the guild

    The Crown still had numerous rights and considerable property within the Borough, such as burgage rents, ferry dues and dues paid by 'foreign' merchants. These were substituted for a fixed payment to the King in a document signed the day after the charter, but this was not a permanent arrangement.
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    Last edited by Kev; 12-17-2006 at 06:25 PM.
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    Default ROBERT DE FERRERS 1266 CHARTER

    ROBERT DE FERRERS 1266 CHARTER

    This charter basically states confirmations or clarifications of rights and privileges. (See attached images)
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